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Annex


Certificate: Veterinary certificate for horses, donkeys and mules from the United Kingdom

Effective 21 November 2018 to 10 January 2019

A separate veterinary health certificate must be provided for each horse in the consignment.


* Where options are available, delete the options that do not apply.


I. Identification of the horse


Name

Breed

Age

Colour

Sex

Microchip No.








A full description using the sketch later in this document should be completed. Whorls on head and neck should be described in the narrative and indicated by a small cross (x).


II. Origin of the horse


a) Name and address of exporter .........................................................................................................................


b) Address of pre-export quarantine (PEQ) facility where the horse was examined: ........................................................................................


c) Name and address of owner: ................................................................................................................................................................................................................


d) Quarantine period: from ………………… to ………………(dates)


III. Destination of the horse


a) Name and address of applicant: .............................................................................................................................................................................................................


b) Date of export: …………………………………………………………..........................


c) Means of transportation: ...................................................................................................


d) Identification (e.g. flight number): ……………………………………….......................


IV. Health certification


I, the undersigned, an Official Veterinarian authorised by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), hereby certify that:


a) the horse described at paragraph I above originates from the pre-export quarantine (PEQ) facility mentioned at paragraph II which meets all the PEQ requirements as set out in Annex 1 (attached);


The PEQ facility was inspected on……/……/……(date) before commencement of PEQ.


b) on ....................(date), I examined the horse described at paragraph I above as it was being loaded on to a vehicle for transport from the pre-export quarantine (PEQ) facility to the port of embarkation and found it free from clinical signs of infectious or contagious disease, including external parasites, and fit to travel; and


c) vehicles for transporting horses from the PEQ facility to the port of embarkation were cleaned and disinfected to my satisfaction before entering the PEQ facility to load the horses; and


d) I was present during loading of horses when leaving the PEQ facility to supervise sealing of vehicles for transporting horses, with tamper-evident seals; and


e) the transport route from the PEQ facility to the port of embarkation was approved by an Official Veterinarian;


f) as far as can be determined, and in accordance with a written declaration of the owner*/agent of the owner*;


EITHER *(i) the said horse is not pregnant;


OR *(ii) the said horse is less than 7 months pregnant;


g) as far as can be determined, and in accordance with a written declaration of the owner*/agent of the owner*,


EITHER *(i) the said horse has been continuously resident in the United Kingdom during the past 60 days;


OR *(ii) the said horse has been resident in the United Kingdom from: .......................................... to ............................................. (dates) and the following approved country(ies)1 during the past 60 days, and support certification addressing the relevant requirements has been obtained from the approved country(ies) of residence:


........................................ (approved country), ........................................ (approved country), ........................................ (approved country)


OR *(iii) the said horse has been resident in the United Kingdom from: .......................................... to ............................................. (dates) and Australia;


h) after due enquiry, during the 180 days immediately prior to export, or since birth if under six months of age, the said horse has been continuously resident in the United Kingdom, or other country, where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of glanders has occurred during the previous three years; or Germany where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of glanders has occurred during at least the previous six months, and where the disease was compulsorily notifiable, and the said horse was free of quarantine restrictions;


i) during the 60 days or the period noted in point g(ii) or g(iii) immediately prior to export, the said horse has been continuously resident in the United Kingdom where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of African horse sickness, dourine, Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis or vesicular stomatitis has occurred during the previous two years and where these diseases are compulsorily notifiable, and the said horse was free of quarantine restrictions; the said horse has not been vaccinated against African horse sickness or Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis during the 60 days prior to export;


j) during the 60 days or period noted in point g(ii) or g(iii) immediately prior to export, the said horse has been continuously resident in the United Kingdom where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of Eastern or Western equine encephalomyelitis has occurred during the previous two years, and the said horse was free of quarantine restrictions;


k) during the 60 days or the period noted in point g(ii) or g(iii) immediately prior to export, the said horse has been continuously resident in the United Kingdom where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of Japanese encephalitis, screw-worm-fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax or Chrysomya bezziana) myiasis or surra has occurred during the previous 12 months, and the said horse was free of quarantine restrictions;


l) after due enquiry, and as far as can be determined, during the 60 days or the period noted in point g (ii) or g(iii) immediately prior to export, the said horse has not resided on any premises in the United Kingdom where clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of rabies has occurred during the previous 12 months;


m) after due enquiry, and as far as can be determined, during the 60 days or the period noted in point g (ii) or g(iii) immediately prior to export, the said horse has not resided on any premises in the United Kingdom where clinical evidence of Borna disease has occurred during the previous 90 days;


n) after due enquiry, and as far as can be determined, during the 60 days or the period noted in point g (ii) or g(iii) immediately prior to export, the said horse has not resided on any premises in the United Kingdom where clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of contagious equine metritis, epizootic lymphangitis, equine infectious anaemia, equine piroplasmosis or Lyme disease has occurred during the previous 60 days;


o) after due enquiry, and as far as can be determined, during the 30 days or the period noted in point g (ii) or g(iii) immediately prior to export, the said horse has not resided on any premises in the United Kingdom where clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of anthrax, equid herpesvirus-1 (abortigenic and neurological strains), equine influenza or equine viral arteritis has occurred during the previous 30 days;


p) from .................(date), being at least 14 days immediately prior to export, the said horse has been continuously isolated from all other horses not similarly certified in PEQ premises which comply with standards set by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources and which were approved by, or on behalf of, the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources;


q) on ............... (date) the said horse was thoroughly examined for ticks within 24 hours of the commencement of PEQ under the direct supervision of an Official Veterinarian; a systematic approach was undertaken and the whole horse was examined with particular attention to the ears, false nostrils, under-body areas (axilla, inguinal region and under the jawbone), perineum, mane and tail, and the said horse was treated within 24 hours, under the direct supervision of the Official Veterinarian, with a parasiticide effective against ticks, as follows:


Date of treatment: ................................... Name of product: ....................................


Active ingredient:....................................


AND

EITHER *(aa) no ticks were found on the said horse during this examination or on any other horses similarly examined in the PEQ premises;


OR *(bb) ticks were found on the said horse and/or other horse(s) at the PEQ premises, in which case the ticks were removed and all horses in the PEQ premises were treated again seven days later with a parasiticide effective against ticks, as follows:


Date of treatment: .................................. Name of product:.....................................


Active ingredient:...................................


r) on ................ (date), during the pre-export isolation period, the said horse was treated with the following broad spectrum anthelmintic:


Name of product: ................................... Active ingredient(s): ...............................


s) all horses in the PEQ facility remained free from evidence of infectious or contagious disease, and had no contact with equids not of equivalent health status


t) all samples for testing have been taken by an Official Veterinarian or a veterinarian authorised by an Official Veterinarian


u) all testing has been conducted in a laboratory which is monitored or recognised by DEFRA


NOTE: all laboratory results must be attached to the health certification.


v) the said horse has not been vaccinated since commencement of PEQ;


w) the said horse has not been mated or subjected to reproductive manipulation, other than required for certification whilst in the PEQ premises


x) The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources’ PEQ requirements have been satisfied or any variation(s) has/have been authorised by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources;


y) in respect of contagious equine metritis *(excludes donkeys and mules):


* APPLICABLE FOR ALL HORSES EXCLUDING GELDINGS AND UNWEANED FOALS UNDER SIX MONTHS OF AGE:


After2 due enquiry, and as far as can be determined, the horse has never been mated to, or inseminated with semen from, a horse that was, at the time of mating or semen collection, known to be infected with contagious equine metritis;


AND


(i) During the PEQ period, swabs were taken on 2 occasions at least 4 days apart from the said horse, in the case of males separate samples from each of the urethra, the urethral fossa and sinus, and the penile sheath, and in the case of females one sample from the clitoral fossa, including the clitoral sinuses, and the swabs were kept cool and transported in Amies charcoal medium to recognised laboratory, where they were submitted to a bacteriological culture test for Taylorella equigenitalis with negative results in all cases (the samples were set up for culture within 48 hours of collection and the cultures incubated for at least 7 days);


Dates on which swabs were collected:


1 ................................. 2 ......................... AND


(ii) the said horse has not been treated with antibiotics for at least seven days before collection of the first samples for culture nor during the sample collection period.


AND


(iii) following the first collection of samples for testing for Taylorella equigenitalis, the said horse was not used for natural service or mating.


z) in respect of equine infectious anaemia:


APPLICABLE FOR ALL HORSES INCLUDING UNWEANED FOALS UNDER SIX MONTHS OF AGE:


on.................(date), being during the PEQ period, blood samples were taken from the said horse and sent to a recognised laboratory, where they were submitted to the immunodiffusion (Coggins) test or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as described in the OIE manual for equine infectious anaemia, with a negative result;


aa) in respect of equine influenza:


APPLICABLE FOR ALL HORSES INCLUDING UNWEANED FOALS UNDER SIX MONTHS OF AGE, EXCEPT WHERE OTHERWISE SPECIFIED:


*(i) (not applicable for foals under six months of age) being 14-90 days before commencement of the PEQ period, the said horse was vaccinated against equine influenza using a registered3 vaccine with either a complete primary course, the final of a primary course, or a booster to a primary course;


*twice as a primary course on ................................and ................................ (dates)


OR

*Final of a primary course on ................................ (dates)


OR

* Once as a booster to a primary course on ................................ (dates)


AND


(ii) (applicable for all horses, including foals under 6 months of age) on............(date), being four to six days after commencement of the PEQ period, and again on..............(date), being within 4 days prior to export or leaving the PEQ premises, nasopharyngeal swabs (nasal swabs for foals under 6 months of age) were taken from the said horse and sent to a recognised laboratory where they were tested using a validated pan-reactive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting the matrix gene for influenza A virus with negative results in each case;


bb) in respect of equine piroplasmosis:


APPLICABLE FOR ALL HORSES INCLUDING UNWEANED FOALS UNDER SIX MONTHS OF AGE:


(i) during PEQ there has been no opportunity for iatrogenic transmission;


AND


(ii) *on............(date), being at least four days after commencement of the PEQ period, a blood sample were taken from the said horse and sent to a recognised laboratory where it was submitted to an indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) for Babesia caballi and Theileria equi as described in the OIE Manual for equine piroplasmosis, with negative results in both cases; or


* a single blood sample was taken at least four days after commencement of the PEQ period and sent to an OIE reference laboratory for equine piroplasmosis where it was tested using both the IFAT and the cELISA for Babesia caballi and Theileria equi, with negative results in both cases;


AND


(iii) after due enquiry, and in accordance with a written declaration of the owner*/agent of the owner*, the said horse has not been treated with imidocarb, or other anti-babesial agents active against Babesia caballi or Theileria equi, for at least 12 months prior to commencement of PEQ;


AND


(iv) *after due enquiry, and in accordance with a written declaration of the owner*/agent of the owner*, the said horse has not tested positive to any test for equine piroplasmosis (Babesia caballi or Theileria equi) during the 12 months prior to export; or


* a single blood sample was taken at least four days after commencement of the PEQ period and sent to an OIE reference laboratory for equine piroplasmosis where it was tested using both the IFAT and the cELISA for Babesia caballi and Theileria equi, with negative results in both cases;


cc) in respect of equine viral arteritis:


* FOR ALL HORSES EXCLUDING UNWEANED FOALS UNDER SIX MONTHS OF AGE:


For all horses excluding unweaned foals under six months of age:


*(i) in the case of colts and stallions:


EITHER


*aa) A single blood sample has been taken from the horse at least four days after commencement of PEQ and tested using a virus neutralisation test as described in the OIE Manual for equine viral arteritis with negative results.


OR

*bb) A blood samples or two blood samples (at least 14 days apart) have been taken from the horse between six and nine months of age on two occasions and tested using a virus neutralisation test as described in the OIE Manual for equine viral arteritis with a negative result or a stable or decreasing antibody titre (in the latter case). AND subsequently the horse was vaccinated against equine viral arteritis and has since been regularly revaccinated as required.


OR

*cc) The horse was isolated and a single blood sample taken seven days or more after commencement of isolation and tested using a virus neutralisation test as described in the OIE Manual for equine viral arteritis with negative results. AND subsequently the horse was vaccinated against equine viral arteritis. The horse remained isolated from other equids not of equivalent health status from the time the blood sample was taken until 21 days immediately after vaccination and has since been regularly revaccinated as required.


OR

*dd) A single blood sample has been taken from the horse and tested using a virus neutralisation test as described in the OIE Manual for equine viral arteritis with positive results


and either


*i. the horse has subsequently been test-mated to two mares during the 180 days before export. Blood samples have been taken from the mares on two occasions, at the time of mating and again 28 days after test mating, and tested using a virus neutralisation test as described in the OIE Manual for equine viral arteritis with negative results in each case or


*ii. one semen sample has been taken from the horse during the 180 days before export and tested using a virus isolation test as described in the OIE Manual for equine viral arteritis with negative results or


*iii. one semen sample has been taken from the horse during the 180 days after the blood sample was tested. AND subsequently the horse was vaccinated against equine viral arteritis and has since been regularly revaccinated as required.The semen was tested using a virus isolation test as described in the OIE Manual for equine viral arteritis with negative results.


*(ii) in the case of fillies, mares and geldings:


EITHER


*aa) A blood sample have been taken within 21 days prior to export or two blood samples (at least 14 days apart) have been taken within 28 days prior to export and tested using a virus neutralisation test as described in the OIE Manual for equine viral arteritis with a negative result or a stable or decreasing antibody titre (in the latter case).


OR

*bb) The horse was regularly vaccinated against equine viral arteritis.


OR

*cc) The horse was isolated for the 28 days before export and during this period showed no signs of equine viral arteritis.


dd) a written declaration has been received from the owner*/agent of the owner* stating that the said horse will be transported direct from the PEQ to the port of embarkation without coming into contact with horses not similarly certified and without being off-loaded until it arrives at the port of embarkation;


ee) a written declaration has been received from the owner*/agent of the owner* stating that the compartment of the aircraft or vessel to be occupied by the said horse for international transport and all removable equipment, penning and containers including loading ramps will be satisfactorily cleaned and disinfected before loading.


Stamp



Signed ......................................................................................... RCVS Official Veterinarian


Name in block letters: ...............................................................................................................


Address:.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................


Date ................................


Footnotes:

  1. The approved countries authorised by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources are: Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Republic of Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Macao, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States.

  2. If a horse does not meet this requirement, or has been known to be infected with Taylorella equigenitalis it may be permitted entry subject to an approved method of treatment and testing considered appropriate by the Director of Biosecurity (or delegate).

  3. Vaccines with a marketing authorisation are considered “registered”. A vaccine containing the most up-to-date virus strains available should be used.

INSTRUCTIONS


EITHER complete silhouette and description OR enter number of passport/ identification certificate

The horse certified on this health certificate is as described in horse passport/identification certificate number:......................................................................


Signature:.......................................................................... RCVS Official Veterinarian

........................................................................................... NAME IN CAPITALS


V. Certification at port of embarkation


I, ........................................................, a government officer authorised by DEFRA, hereby certify that the horse described in I complies with the following requirements:


a) after due enquiry, the horse had no contact with equids not of equivalent health status during its transport to the port of embarkation;


b) the vehicle seals were intact on arrival;


c) the compartment of the aircraft or vessel to be occupied by the horse and all removable equipment, penning and containers including loading ramps were satisfactorily cleaned and disinfected before loading.


Stamp



Signed ........................................................................................................................................


Name in block letters: ...............................................................................................................


Address:..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................


Date .......................................


TRANSPORT

  1. All personnel likely to be in direct contact with the horses during transport to Australia (including transport from the PEQ facility to the airport, at the airport, and on the aircraft) must shower and wear new or clean protective clothing and footwear before coming into contact with the horses. They must not have any contact with horses not of equivalent health status during transport to Australia.

  2. Horses not prepared for import to Australia must not be transported on the same flight with horses being transported to Australia. Other animals can only be transported on the same plane as horses for import to Australia with prior approval of the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.

  3. Insect netting and an approved knockdown aerosol insecticide spray must be carried on the flight at all times for contingencies. There must be sufficient insect netting to cover all air stalls completely. Insect netting must be in good condition to minimise entry of insect vectors into the air stalls.

  4. An Australian government veterinarian may be required to accompany the shipment to Australia at the applicant’s expense.

  5. Horses must transit (stay on the plane in air stalls) or tranship (are unloaded but remain in air stalls) only at an airport in the following countries:


    Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Republic of Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Macao, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.


    Horses may also transit or tranship in the following airports in the United Arab Emirates: Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Horse may only transit in Sharjah, i.e. horses must not be unloaded from the aircraft at Sharjah.


  6. Any transhipment requires the prior approval of the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.

    Note: Stops en route to Australia will need approval and permits from relevant authorities in the countries of transit and transhipment.

  7. Transit and transhipment times must not exceed six hours.

  8. Horses must not leave the airport and must not be removed from their air stalls during transit or transhipment.

  9. In cases where horses in air stalls are to stay on the plane (i.e. transit), unauthorised personnel must not have contact with the horses. Before opening the cargo door, the air stalls must be completely covered in netting to prevent insect access to the horse. Cargo doors can be opened at approved transit airports to allow for unloading or loading of freight. Immediately after the cargo hold doors are closed, an approved knockdown aerosol insecticide must be sprayed throughout the cargo hold, in the manner recommended by the manufacturer.

  10. In cases where horses in air stalls are to be unloaded (i.e. transhipment), before opening the cargo door, the air stalls must be completely covered in netting to prevent insect access to the horse. The netting must remain in place until the horses are reloaded on an aircraft. Immediately after the horse is reloaded on an aircraft and the cargo hold doors are closed, an approved knockdown aerosol insecticide spray must be sprayed throughout the cargo hold in the manner recommended by the manufacturer. The insect netting must not be removed until 30 minutes after spraying.

  11. If the aircraft lands at any airport other than in an approved country, the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources must be informed immediately. The decision as to whether the horses can continue to travel to Australia, and additional quarantine measures that may be required, will be made by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources on a risk-based case-by-case basis.


    Department of Agriculture and Water Resources contact numbers


    Section

    Phone Number

    NSW - Regional Horse Imports Manager

    61 2 6272 3940

    61 466 431 199

    NSW - Regional Horse Co-ordinator

    61 2 8334 7565

    61 401 320 591

    Victoria – Regional Horse Imports Manager

    61 3 8308 5082

    61 438 943 600

    Victoria – Regional Horse Co-ordinator

    61 3 8308 5076

    61 466 334 510

    Canberra – Manager Horse Imports

    61 2 6272 5065

    61 434 569 489


  12. After horses arrive at an Australian airport they must be transferred from their air stalls onto vehicles for transporting horses, along with personnel and equipment, and proceed directly to the post arrival quarantine (PAQ) facility.

  13. All personnel travelling with the horses on the aircraft and road transport, or that have had contact with the horses, biosecurity risk material or air stalls, must undertake appropriate decontamination measures as specified by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources before leaving the airport or the PAQ facility if they are accompanying the horses to the PAQ facility.

  14. All biosecurity risk material (e.g. bedding, feed, water and waste material) must be disposed of as quarantine waste.

  15. Air stalls must be secured at the airport in a manner that prevents release of biosecurity risk material and cleaned and disinfected to the satisfaction of the biosecurity officer.

  16. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources must be advised of the transport route to the PAQ facility.

  17. All equipment used during transport of the horses must be inspected and then cleaned and disinfected if required under Department of Agriculture and Water Resources supervision before leaving the airport or the PAQ facility (if removed from the PAQ facility before the end of the PAQ period).


    NOTE: All baggage and personal effects accompanying the horses will be inspected and treated if biosecurity risk material is detected.


POST-ARRIVAL QUARANTINE REQUIREMENTS


General requirements

Any variation from the post-arrival quarantine requirements must be specifically authorised by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.

  1. a) For horses originating from a single PEQ facility:


    The horse must be secured in PAQ for at least 14 days. During this time:

    • the horse must be isolated from equids not of equivalent health status and

    • nasopharyngeal samples (nasal samples for foals under six months of age) must be taken from the horse four to six days after commencement of PAQ and within four days of release from PAQ and tested using a validated type A influenza pan-reactive real time polymerase chain reaction assay targeting the matrix gene with negative results in each case.

    OR

    b) For horses originating from multiple PEQ facilities:


    The horse must be secured in PAQ for at least 14 days. During this time:

    • the horse must be isolated from equids not of equivalent health status and

    • the period of intake of consignments into the PAQ facility should be kept to a minimum. The PAQ period will commence from the time of entry into the facility of the last horse of the PAQ intake and

    • nasopharyngeal samples (nasal samples for foals under six months of age) must be taken from the horse within 24 hours of arrival into the PAQ facility and four to six days after commencement of PAQ and within four days of release from PAQ and tested using a validated type A influenza pan-reactive real time polymerase chain reaction assay targeting the matrix gene with negative results in each case.

  2. For the duration of post-arrival quarantine, the horse must not be secured, housed or exercised within 100 metres of other equids not of equivalent equine influenza status.

  3. A reference serum sample must be taken from the horse within 24 hours of arrival into the PAQ facility and stored at the National Animal Serum Bank at the Australian Animal Health Laboratory.

  4. For the duration of PAQ the rectal temperature of the horse must be taken and recorded twice daily at least eight hours apart. If the temperature is 38.5 °C or higher (39.0 °C or higher for foals under six months of age) on two consecutive recordings or other signs of respiratory disease are present, a nasopharyngeal sample (nasal samples for foals under six months of age) must be taken and tested using a validated type A influenza pan-reactive real time polymerase chain reaction assay targeting the matrix gene and the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources notified on the same day. If the temperature cannot been taken for any reason on two consecutive occasions, the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources must be notified and a clinical examination by a registered veterinarian performed. Temperature records must be made available for inspection by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.

  5. Within 24 hours of arrival at the PAQ facility the horse must be thoroughly examined for ticks by a registered veterinarian under the direct supervision of the biosecurity officer. A systematic approach must be undertaken with close examination of ears, false nostrils, under-body areas (axilla, inguinal region and under the jawbone), perineum, mane and tail.


    AND


    If any horse in the PAQ facility is found to have ticks, the ticks must be removed and all horses in the facility must be treated within 24 hours, under the direct supervision of the biosecurity officer, with a parasiticide effective against ticks and that horse must be tested for both Babesia caballi and Theileria equi on a single blood sample obtained at least 11 days after treatment for ticks.


    NOTE: This may require an extension of the time period the horses spend in quarantine.


  6. If any horse fails a test or shows signs of disease, it may be subjected to testing or treatment prescribed by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources at the applicant’s expense. If any horse does not meet these conditions, or exotic disease is diagnosed, that horse, and any or all horses in the PAQ premises, may be:

    • detained in quarantine for further testing and observation at the applicant’s expense

    • exported at the appicant’s expense

    • disposed of without recompense.

  7. During PAQ and while the imported horses remain in quarantine, they may be subjected to any testing or treatments prescribed by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources at the applicant’s expense.

  8. The applicant will be charged for services provided by the Australian Government. If any animals die or are disposed of during any period of control, compensation will not be paid by the Australian Government.


    NOTE: A single consignment can be split between post-arrival quarantine facilities on arrival in Australia. If consignments are split, the status of one portion of the consignment may affect the status of the other portion. If the release from PAQ of one portion is delayed for biosecurity reasons, the release of the other portion in a separate post-arrival quarantine facility may also be delayed.

Location

  1. The PAQ facility should be close to the port of arrival and be conveniently located for direct supervision by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources veterinarian.

  2. The facility must be located in an area that has been free from equine infectious anaemia during the previous 12 months.

  3. The facility must not be located in an area with a high horse population density.

Facilities

  1. The PAQ facility must be surrounded by two secure stock-proof fences at least five metres apart, or a physical barrier providing equivalent security to prevent horses in PAQ having contact with people or animals outside the facility.

  2. The PAQ facility including stables, yards, fences, feeding and watering arrangements must address animal welfare considerations.

  3. Stables in the PAQ facility must be constructed so that they can be cleaned and disinfected.

  4. The PAQ facility must provide a separation of at least 100 metres from other equids outside the facility.

  5. The PAQ facility must have a separate area for the cleaning and disinfection of vehicles for transporting horses, and facilities for the safe unloading and loading of horses.

  6. The PAQ facility must have facilities for veterinary examination and the collection of samples.

Operation

  1. The PAQ facility must be approved by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources before entry of any horse into the facility.

  2. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources may audit the approved PAQ facility.

  3. All PAQ operations and procedures must have detailed SOPs, consistent with a risk-based approach and approved by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.

  4. The process from the time horses arrive at the airport to the completion of PAQ must be auditable.

  5. PAQ must be under the direct supervision of the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources veterinarian.

  6. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources veterinarian must inspect the PAQ facility before entry of any horse and must ensure that the facility has been cleaned to his/her satisfaction.

  7. The PAQ period will commence from the time of entry into the facility of the last horse of the PAQ intake.

  8. During PAQ, the only horses in the facility must be those of the import consignment.

  9. For the duration of PAQ the horse must not be secured, housed or exercised within 100 metres of other equids not of equivalent health status.

  10. Horses must not have the opportunity to mate while in PAQ.

  11. Appropriate biosecurity procedures must be implemented for vehicles for transporting horses, freight containers, equipment and associated personnel, including transport operators, before, during and after the transport of horses to the PAQ facility.

  12. Vehicles for transporting horses are not permitted to leave the PAQ facility until thoroughly cleaned and disinfected to the satisfaction of the biosecurity officer.

  13. Each imported horse must be identified on arrival at the PAQ facility and the accompanying veterinary certificate and passport examined and checked by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.

  14. Only personnel specifically authorised by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources are permitted to enter the PAQ facility. Details of all visitor entries must be recorded.

  15. All personnel entering the PAQ facility during PAQ must wear dedicated or disposable outer clothing and dedicated, cleaned and disinfected or disposable footwear. All personnel must shower and change outer clothing before leaving the PAQ facility. Outer clothing and footwear used within the PAQ facility must be cleaned to the satisfaction of the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources before removal from the facility.

  16. All equipment used in feeding, handling and treating horses in PAQ must either be cleaned and disinfected to the satisfaction of the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources before removal from the PAQ facility, or remain on-site for the duration of PAQ and then be released with Department of Agriculture and Water Resources approval at the completion of PAQ.

  17. Other than inspections, visits and treatments required for certification, all veterinary visits, health problems, tests, test results and treatments must be reported to the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources veterinarian within 24 hours.

  18. Any health problems affecting other animals on the facility undergoing PAQ must be reported to the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources veterinarian within 24 hours.

  19. A detailed health record must be kept for each horse on the facility during the PAQ period and it must be available to the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources veterinarian.

  20. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources veterinarian must document that veterinary certificates and health records were inspected and comply with the biosecurity measures.

  21. Horses must not leave the facility during PAQ, except for exercise as approved by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.


APPENDIX A


The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources standards for pre-export quarantine (PEQ) premises for equidae for export to Australia from the United Kingdom.


Location and Transportation

  1. The PEQ facility must be conveniently located for direct supervision by the Official Veterinarian.

  2. The PEQ facility must be located so as to enable biosecurity, isolation and animal welfare standards to be maintained during PEQ and the transportation of horses from the facility to the port of export.


    NOTE: a transportation plan must be provided to the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources to demonstrate how this requirement will be complied with.

Facilities

  1. The PEQ facility must meet the country and premises requirements specified in the certification before export section.

  2. The entire PEQ facility must be surrounded by two secure stock-proof fences at least five metres apart, or a physical barrier (e.g. the wall of a building) providing equivalent security to prevent horses in PEQ having contact with people or livestock outside the facility.

  3. The PEQ facility including stables, yards, fences, feeding and watering arrangements must address animal welfare considerations.

  4. Stables in the PEQ facility must be constructed so that they can be cleaned and disinfectant applied and must be maintained in good order.

  5. The PEQ facility must provide a separation of at least 50 metres from other equids not of equivalent health status.

  6. The PEQ facility must have a separate area for the cleaning and disinfection of vehicles for transporting horses, and facilities for the safe unloading and loading of horses.

  7. The PEQ facility must have facilities for veterinary examination and collection of samples.

Operation

  1. The PEQ facility must have current approval from the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources and DEFRA before commencement of PEQ.

  2. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources may audit the approved PEQ facility.

  3. All PEQ operations and procedures must have been detailed in Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), consistent with a risk-based approach and approved by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.

  4. The Official Veterinarian must inspect the PEQ facility before commencement of PEQ and must ensure that the facility has been cleaned and disinfectant applied to his/her satisfaction.

  5. PEQ must be under the supervision of the Official Veterinarian.

  6. All feed to be used during PEQ and transport to Australia must enter the PEQ facility before commencement of PEQ.

  7. All bedding to be used during PEQ must enter the PEQ facility before commencement of PEQ.

  8. The PEQ period commences from the time the last horse in the export consignment has entered the PEQ facility and all horses have been examined by the Official Veterinarian.

  9. All equipment used in feeding, handling and treating horses in PEQ must be new, or cleaned and disinfected before entry, and must be used only in the facility during PEQ.

  10. During PEQ, the facility must be occupied only by horses prepared in accordance with the import conditions. If non-travelling companion horses are present, the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources must be notified, and they must be prepared as if they were to be exported to Australia.

  11. For the duration of PEQ the horse has not been secured, housed or exercised within 50 metres of other equids not of the same consignment. This means that other equidae should not be depastured, secured or exercised within 50 metres of the perimeter of the premises while it is being used for pre-export quarantine.

  12. Horses undergoing pre-export quarantine may use an exercise area outside the approved facility only with prior approval from the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. Details of this exercise plan must be included in the SOP manual.

  13. Horses in PEQ must not access any areas used by other horses, except as mentioned above, and subject to authorisation by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.

  14. Horses must not have the opportunity to mate and must not be subjected to reproductive manipulation, other than required for certification, while in PEQ.

  15. Only personnel specifically authorised by the Official Veterinarian are permitted entry to the PEQ facility. Details of all authorised personnel must be recorded and available at the PEQ.

  16. An entry register must be used to record access by all personnel each time they enter the facility.

  17. All personnel entering the PEQ facility during PEQ must shower and change clothing on entry. Alternatively, they may shower off-site and must have no contact with horses horse facilities or horse equipment between showering and entering the PEQ facility. Outer clothing used in the PEQ facility should be freshly laundered or dedicated to the facility and stored on site or disposable. Footwear used in the PEQ facility should be cleaned and disinfected before entry or dedicated to the facility and stored on site, or disposable covering should be used over existing footwear.

  18. Other than inspections, visits and treatments required for certification, all veterinary visits, health problems, tests, test results, treatments and reasons for removal from PEQ of any horse, must be reported to the Official Veterinarian within 24 hours, and by the Official Veterinarian to the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources within 48 hours.

  19. A detailed health record must be kept for each horse and be available to the Official Veterinarian and to the Department on request.

  20. For the duration of PEQ the rectal temperature of the horse, including unweaned foals under six months of age, must be taken and recorded twice daily at least eight hours apart. If the temperature is 38.5 °C or higher (39.0 °C or higher for foals under six months of age) on two consecutive recordings or other signs of infectious respiratory disease are present, a nasopharyngeal sample (nasal sample for foals under six months of age) must be taken and tested for influenza A virus as described in the import conditions and the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources must be notified within 48 hours. If the temperature is not taken for any reason on two consecutive occasions, the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources must be notified within 48 hours and a clinical examination by a registered veterinarian performed within 24 hours of the second reading being missed. If the reason why the temperature could/cannot be taken was/is because of the temperament of the horse, but there are no other obvious signs of disease (e.g. inappetence, nasal discharge, change in demeanour), the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources should be consulted to establish how often a clinical examination by a registered veterinarian is/will be required. Temperature records must be kept until completion of PAQ.

  21. Horses that leave the facility during PEQ for any reason, except for exercise as approved by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, cannot rejoin the consignment in PEQ.

  22. Before the consignment of horses leaves the PEQ facility for export the Official Veterinarian must provide evidence to the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, in the form of a checklist, that veterinary certificates and health records have been inspected and comply with the quarantine requirements.

  23. The health status of horses that do not complete PEQ or that do not travel to Australia with the rest of the consignment may affect the eligibility of the rest of the consignment to be imported into Australia. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources must be notified within 48 hours and before uplift of any changes to the proposed consignment.


APPENDIX B

Additional certification to be completed when the horse (intended for permanent export to Australia) has resided in another country1 other than the UK during the 60 days before export.


Please note: The department has negotiated specific Appendix B certificates with some countries. If the horse has resided in an approved country other than the country of export, please contact the department to obtain the country-specific agreed Appendix B document.


HEALTH CERTIFICATE

Name of horse: __________________ Identification: __________________


Breed: __________________ Sex: __________________ Age: _________________

To be completed by the Official Veterinarian of each country that the horse resided in before the exporting country.

*I, ................................................. (insert name), the Official Veterinarian# of ................................................ (name of approved country), hereby certify that:

# Official Veterinarian means a veterinarian authorised by the Veterinary Authority of the approved country to perform certain official tasks associated with animal health and/or public health, and inspections of commodities and, when appropriate, to certify in conformity with the provisions of Chapters 5.1. and 5.2. of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Animal Health Code.

1. The horse was continuously resident from ..................... to ....................... (dates) in ................................................(name of approved country).

2. During the period noted in point 1 (which is during the 60 days immediately before export to Australia) while in .................................... (name of approved country):

a. The horse was continuously resident and free of quarantine restriction in:

* i) .................................... (approved country) where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of glanders occurred during the previous three years and the disease is compulsorily notifiable.

OR

* ii) Germany where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of glanders occurred during at least the previous six months and a surveillance program is in place demonstrating the absence of glanders in accordance with chapter 1.4 of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code and the disease is compulsorily notifiable.

b. The horse was continuously resident and free of quarantine restriction in .................................... (approved country) where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of African horse sickness, dourine or Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis occurred during the previous two years and the diseases are compulsorily notifiable. While in .................................... (approved country), the horse was not vaccinated against African horse sickness or Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis during the 60 days before export to Australia.

c. *The horse was continuously resident and free of quarantine restriction in .................................... (approved country) where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of vesicular stomatitis occurred during the previous two years and the disease is compulsorily notifiable.

OR

*During the period noted in point 1 (which is during the 30 days immediately before export to Australia), the horse did not reside on any premises in .......................(approved country) where clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of vesicular stomatitis occurred in any species during the previous 90 days before export and the disease is compulsorily notifiable.

d. *The horse was continuously resident and free of quarantine restriction in .................................... (approved country) where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of Eastern or Western equine encephalomyelitis occurred during the previous two years.

OR

*The horse did not reside on any premises in ................................ (approved country) where clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of Eastern or Western equine encephalomyelitis occurred during the previous 90 days.

OR

*During the 12 months before export, the horse was vaccinated against Eastern and Western equine encephalomyelitis using a registered vaccine.

e. *The horse was continuously resident and free of quarantine restriction in .................................... (approved country) where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of Japanese encephalitis occurred during the previous 12 months.

OR

*During the 12 months before export from .............................. (approved country) the horse was vaccinated against Japanese encephalitis using a registered vaccine.

f. *The horse was continuously resident and free of quarantine restriction in .................................... (approved country) where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of screw-worm-fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax or Chrysomya bezziana) myiasis occurred during the previous 12 months.

OR

*Within 24 hours of export from .............................. (approved country) the horse was thoroughly examined, under the direct supervision of an Official Veterinarian, and no screw-worm-fly infestation was found.

g. *The horse was continuously resident and free of quarantine restriction in .................................... (approved country) where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of surra (Trypansoma evansi) occurred (in any species) during the previous 12 months.

OR

*During the period noted in point 1 (which is during the 60 days immediately before export to Australia):

i. the horse was continuously resident and free of quarantine restriction in .............................. (approved country) where no clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of surra occurred in equids during the previous 12 months before export.

AND

ii. the horse did not reside on any premises in.............................. (approved country) where clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of surra occurred during the previous 12 months before export.

h. After due inquiry, the horse did not reside on any premises in .................................... (approved country) where clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of rabies occurred during the previous 12 months.

i. After due inquiry, the horse did not reside on any premises in .................................... (approved country) where clinical evidence of Borna disease occurred during the previous 90 days.

j. After due inquiry, the horse did not reside on any premises in .................................... (approved country) where clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of contagious equine metritis, epizootic lymphangitis, equine infectious anaemia, equine piroplasmosis or Lyme disease occurred during the previous 60 days.

k. After due inquiry, the horse did not reside on any premises in .................................... (approved country) where clinical, epidemiological or other evidence of anthrax, equid herpesvirus-1 (abortigenic and neurological strains), equine influenza or equine viral arteritis occurred during the previous 30 days.

l. For all horses (excluding donkeys and mules) excluding geldings and unweaned foals under six months of age:

So far as can be determined, the horse was never mated to, or inseminated with semen from, a horse that was, at the time of mating or semen collection, known to be infected with Taylorella equigenitalis.

Note: if a horse does not meet this requirement, or was known to be infected with T. equigenitalis, it may be permitted entry subject to an approved method of treatment and testing considered appropriate by the Director of Biosecurity (or delegate).

m. After due inquiry, while in .................................... (approved country), the horse was not treated with imidocarb, or other anti-babesial agents active against Babesia caballi or Theilaria equi, during the 12 months before commencement of pre-export quarantine for export to Australia.

n. After due inquiry, while in .................................... (approved country), the horse was not positive in any test for equine piroplasmosis (B. caballi or T. equi) for at least 12 months before commencement of pre-export quarantine for export to Australia.


*Delete as appropriate

1Approved countries are: Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Macao, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Republic of Ireland, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Official Veterinarian


Name: .....................................................


Official position: .....................................................


Address: .................................................................

................................................................


Signature: ..................................................................


Date: .........................


Official stamp




 



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